Artificial insemination is a process in which sperm is placed into a woman’s reproductive tract using means other than sexual intercourse. For many single moms-to-be or couples where only one partner chooses to biologically participate in the pregnancy, insemination is a logical first step to parenthood.
Insemination involves placing sperm into the uterus (intrauterine insemination, or IUI) or the cervix (intra-cervical insemination, or ICI). For this process, frozen sperm is usually shipped to your physician, and is thawed the day of insemination.
In order to begin artificial insemination, see your primary care physician or fertility doctor. Make sure you're up-to-date on all healthcare maintenance, including Pap smear and mammogram. It is also important to track your cycle each month, as cycle tracking is how insemination is timed.
Your sperm donor options include a known, open door, or anonymous donor. Ask your fertility clinic or OB-GYN for any recommendations that they may have to help guide you through this process, or learn more about choosing a sperm donor here.