There are many factors that influence the cost of adoption. For example expenses paid to the birthmother, advertising costs, and legal fees can vary greatly state-by-state and case-by-case. The type of adoption also has an affect on cost. Adoptions through agencies usually require agency fees, independent adoptions may carry higher advertising costs in order to locate a child and international adoptions typically require higher legal and travel expenses.
The length of the process also has an impact on cost. Hundreds of thousands of families are built through adoption each year, however, sometimes it takes multiple attempts to achieve a successful adoption, each one adding to the overall cost.
Fostering-to-adopt from a public child welfare agency usually involves few, if any, costs to the adoptive family as it is funded by the state. Foster parents receive money to help cover the costs of caring for the child, as well as medical assistance.